animales en extincion

¿Cuánto sabes de los animales en peligro de extinción?

Protecting the world’s endangered species is vital for many reasons. Saving species helps preserve vibrant ecosystems we humans depend on every day.

Do you know these animals in danger of extinction? Test your knowledge below:


Proteger las especies amenazadas del mundo es vital por muchas razones. Salvar especies ayuda a preservar ecosistemas vibrantes de los que nosotros los humanos dependemos cada día.

¿Conoces a estos animales en peligro de extinción? Pon a prueba tus conocimientos a continuación:

1

 This ocean-dwelling mammal feeds on small fish, krill and plankton. But other types have very different diets. Some even hunt large prey.

Este mamífero que habita en el océano se alimenta de pequeños peces, krill y plancton. Pero otros tipos tienen dietas muy diferentes. Algunos incluso cazan presas grandes.


Whales play an important role in ocean health. Unfortunately, size does not protect some of the largest creatures on Earth. Six out of the 13 great whale species are classified as endangered.

Las ballenas juegan un papel importante en la salud del océano. Desafortunadamente, el tamaño no protege a algunas de las criaturas más grandes de la Tierra. Seis de las 13 especies de grandes ballenas están clasificadas en peligro de extinción.

WHALE / BALLENA

Ballena en el agua (Shutterstock)

(Shutterstock)

2

These social animals live in groups of two to 30 in Africa. But their numbers grow slowly: mothers may give birth three to four times over a four-decade lifespan.

Estos animales sociales viven en grupos de dos a 30 en África. Sin embargo, su número aumenta lentamente: las madres pueden dar a luz de tres a cuatro veces en un período de cuatro décadas.


Gorilla populations suffer because of widespread habitat destruction, the Ebola virus and poaching. A low rate of reproduction slows the species’ recovery.

Las poblaciones de gorilas sufren a causa de la destrucción generalizada del hábitat, el virus Ébola y la caza furtiva. Una baja tasa de reproducción retrasa la recuperación de la especie.

GORILLA / GORILA

Gorila sostiene a una cría (Shutterstock)

(Shutterstock)

3

Demand for this animal’s horn drives widespread poaching. Made of the same protein as human fingernails, its horn is falsely purported to be medicinal.

La demanda por el cuerno de este animal impulsa la caza furtiva generalizada. Hecho de la misma proteína que las uñas humanas, su cuerno se dice falsamente que es medicinal.


Rhinos face threats from poaching and habitat loss. Very few survive outside of protected areas.

Los rinocerontes se enfrentan a las amenazas de la caza furtiva y la pérdida del hábitat. Muy pocos sobreviven fuera de las áreas protegidas.

RHINO / RINOCERONTE

Rinoceronte (Shutterstock)

(Shutterstock)

4

This inquisitive animal lives in the Galápagos Islands and Ecuador. More social than seals, it has visible ear flaps and lives in colonies.

Este curioso animal vive en las Islas Galápagos y en Ecuador. Más social que las focas, tiene orejeras visibles y vive en colonias.


Galápagos sea lions are vulnerable to changing ocean currents. Curiosity can cause sea lions to stray too close to fishing vessels and entangle themselves in nets.

Los leones marinos de las Galápagos son vulnerables a los cambios en las corrientes oceánicas. La curiosidad puede hacer que los leones marinos se sitúen demasiado cerca de los barcos de pesca y se enreden en las redes.

GALÁPAGOS SEA LION / LEÓN MARINO DE LAS GALÁPAGOS

León marino (Shutterstock) (Shutterstock)

5

These animals form complex social relationships to raise young and protect the herd. From foot to shoulder, some are 4 meters tall.

Estos animales forman relaciones sociales complejas para criar a sus crías y proteger a la manada. Desde el pie hasta el hombro, algunos miden hasta 4 metros de altura.


Every 15 minutes, poachers kill another elephant for its tusks. Demand for ivory has devastated elephant populations.

Cada 15 minutos, los cazadores furtivos matan a otro elefante por sus colmillos. La demanda de marfil ha devastado las poblaciones de elefantes.

ELEPHANT / ELEFANTE

Elefante y su cría (Shutterstock)

(Shutterstock)

6

This carnivorous cat lives a mostly solitary life. It is a good swimmer and relies primarily on sight and sound to find prey.

Este felino carnívoro vive una vida mayormente solitaria. Es un buen nadador y depende principalmente de la vista y el oído para encontrar presas.


Poachers and the cats’ competition with humans have cut into tiger populations. With an increasingly fragmented natural habitat, tigers rely on international partnerships for protection.

Los cazadores furtivos y la competencia de los felinos con los humanos han reducido las poblaciones de tigres. Con un hábitat natural cada vez más fragmentado, los tigres dependen de asociaciones internacionales para su protección.

TIGER / TIGRE

Tigre en un campo (Shutterstock)

(Shutterstock)

7

This scaly creature looks like an “artichoke with legs.” It eats ants and is the world’s most trafficked mammal.

Esta criatura escamosa parece una “alcachofa con patas”. Come hormigas y es el mamífero más traficado del mundo.


Pangolins, found throughout Asia and Africa, risk extinction from poachers, who grind up the animal’s scales and sell it as a fake medicine.

Los pangolines, que se encuentran en toda Asia y África, corren el riesgo de extinguirse debido a los cazadores furtivos, que muelen las escamas del animal y lo venden como un medicamento falso.

PANGOLÍN

Un pangolín acurrucado entre las manos de una persona (Shutterstock)

(Shutterstock)
Women-Mayors-Feature_Final-1068x712

Algunas de las ciudades más grandes de EE. UU. están gobernadas por mujeres

Women-Mayors-Feature_Final-1068x712

Women govern some of the largest U.S. cities

Betsy Price is serving her fourth term as mayor of Fort Worth, Texas. She brings 17 years of experience as a businesswoman to one of the fastest-growing cities in the U.S. and a commitment to volunteerism with her “Week of Compassionate Service.”

But what may be more remarkable is the company she keeps. She is among nearly 300 women governing American cities with populations of more than 30,000. That’s about 21 percent of all mayors, according to the Center for American Women and Politics at Rutgers University in New Jersey.

Illustration with drawings of five women mayors and their city names, over a map of the U.S. (State Dept./S. Gemeny Wilkinson)
(State Dept./S. Gemeny Wilkinson)

“Not only are we seeing some increases in the number of women holding office, but an increase in the diversity of women serving,” said Jean Sinzdak, the associate director of the center. She says American women from all political parties are running for political office in record numbers at the federalstate and local levels.

Drawing of Catherine Pugh (State Dept./S. Gemeny Wilkinson)

Get to know a few of these mayors:

Baltimore’s Catherine Pugh

Before she ran in 2016 for mayor of Baltimore, the largest city in Maryland, Pugh had success as a business developer, banker and broadcast reporter. And she previously served as a state senator, where she was known for her skills in uniting opposing political parties.

Pugh says her administration pursues “the kind of economic development that will bring prosperity to the whole city and not just a few isolated enclaves.”

Drawing of Jean Stothert (State Dept./S. Gemeny Wilkinson)Omaha’s Jean Stothert

A former nurse who is in her second term as mayor, Stothert is known for keeping a tight focus on the budget of Omaha, the largest city in Nebraska. She began her public service as a volunteer at her children’s school and next ran and won election to Omaha’s Board of Education and then City Council.

“One of my primary goals is to improve the taxpayer experience. I want every taxpayer who interacts with city government to have a positive experience,” Stothert says.

Fremont’s Lily MeiDrawing of Lily Mei (State Dept./S. Gemeny Wilkinson)

Before her election as mayor of Fremont, California, in 2016, Mei had a successful career in high-tech sales analysis and management. But she was also active in education. She headed the Asian Pacific Islander School Board Members Association for the state of California.

“I value the opportunity to be a role model for young women, especially in a city as diverse as Fremont, and am proud to be our city’s first minority mayor,” Mei says. Asian-Americans make up 50 percent of Fremont’s diverse population.

Drawing of LaToya Cantrell (State Dept./S. Gemeny Wilkinson)New Orleans’ LaToya Cantrell

As New Orleans celebrates its 300th anniversary in 2018, the Louisiana city also will inaugurate its first woman mayor in May.

The mayor-elect, long an advocate for public education, has helped some of the poorer neighborhoods in New Orleans. Cantrell says she wants “to make life better for everyone in every neighborhood of this city.”